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Colorectal cancer starts in the colon or the rectum. These cancers can also be called colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on where they start. Colon cancer and rectal cancer are often grouped together because they have many features in common.

Types of Colorectal cancer

Most colorectal cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers start in cells that make mucus to lubricate the inside of the colon and rectum.

Other types of cancer that occur far less often but can begin in the colon or rectum include neuroendocrine tumor of the gastrointestinal tract, gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), small cell carcinoma, and lymphoma.

Treatment of Colorectal cancer:

Surgery: Laparoscopic surgery, Colostomy for rectal cancer, Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or cryoablation

Radiation therapy: External-beam or Stereotactic radiation therapy

Therapies using medication:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Immunotherapy