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Bladder cancer starts when cells that make up the urinary bladder – most commonly urothelial cells start to grow out of control. As more cancer cells develop, they can form a tumor and, with time, spread to other parts of the body. Urothelial cells also line the renal pelvis and ureters. Cancer that develops in the renal pelvis and ureters is also considered a type of bladder cancer and is often called upper tract bladder cancer.
- Urothelial carcinoma (transitional cell carcinoma)
- Squamous cell carcinoma.
- Small cell carcinoma
Depending on the stage of the cancer and other factors, treatment options for people with bladder cancer can include:
- Intravesical Therapy
- Radiation Therapy
- Targeted Therapy Drugs